I have become aware of the fact that, hitherto, I have lived my life while consciously ignoring all things unpleasant to me. In doing so, I have constructed a personal utopia for myself and spent my days within it.

For centuries, humankind has maintained idealistic, utopian visions and strived toward their realization. In contrast, is it not the case that current utopia is no longer defined as an Ideal Land that human beings jointly pursue, but rather something whose form varies from person to person—an individual space in which people live and consume? As it were, utopia today takes the form of “private utopias.” As individuals immerse themselves within such utopias, the modern landscape is also changing accordingly. When the originally unified vision fissured into countless private utopias, gaps appeared between them—gaps into which people subconsciously dispose of all the things that they do not wish to see, the things that impede the formation of their private utopias. Through this, these gaps that exist outside of private utopias began to form landscapes that have yet to be “handled” or “controlled.” 

On the internet and social media, private utopias seem to be spiraling in similar ways. With the influence of platforms such as Instagram, a dependence on “information that does not require thinking” formed among us. Is it not growing more and more extreme?

In this information age of increasing globalization, it appears that similar-looking landscapes are materializing everywhere without distinction of location or country. I therefore set out to various places over the past four years and, when coming across such landscapes in the gaps between utopias, attempted to document them.